Prison fights stem from demand for contraband – Director

first_img…anger management training aims at reducing prisoner violenceAs the Guyana Prison Service continues to combat the smuggling of contraband in the penitentiaries, it reported the presence of these items has caused much uproar among prisoners, resulting in physical altercations.Director of Prisons, Gladwin Samuels made this disclosure on Wednesday, during a graduation exercise for inmates who have successfully completed an anger management training exercise.He noted that prisoners would seek assistance from their family members to deliver prepaid credit to cellphones. If they do not receive the benefits, this causes fights and other violent activities.“There is the issue of demand for contraband. There have been instances whereby persons who are in possession of illegal cellphones – a major problem which we have been facing for a number of years. Their families are caused to top-up those phones with credit and then when someone does not receive the required benefits for the credit their families would have placed in those phones, those situations too would result in fights,” said Samuels.In March, an early-morning raid at the New Amsterdam Prison by members of the Guyana Police Force and the Guyana Prison Service unearthed several contraband items.The items found include three cellphones, a Rambo knife, a shaving set, three improvised weapons, 11 phone chargers, four metal spoons, a quantity of wire, two nail clips, a pair of scissors, 25 cigarette lighters, two memory cards, one adapter, 13 construction nails, 27 razor blades and one gram of cannabis.TrainingThe Director of Prisons admitted on many occasions, prisoners are involved in altercations just before their stint is completed.For this, they are again sentenced. He reiterated that in the past, attacks would result in some persons being hospitalised for days. Wardens and other officers are sometimes subjected to these threats.The 12-week training provided tools to cope with behavioural issues which can be used as life lessons.Samuels stressed, “The Guyana Prison Service has placed much focus on the need for such training programmes. While some of those persons who are graduating will not be immediately reintegrated back into society, you will understand that this training will also serve to help those inmates to better cope with their period of imprisonment.”Officer-In-Charge at the Prison, Nicklon Elliot noted that because of such training initiatives, there has been a reduction in violent crimes in the lockups. While contraband is one of the causes of such altercations, it is not the only reason.“There would have been a reduction in prisoner violence at the location, and those persons who are part of the programme would have become mentors for the others at the location. The location is one that is dynamic in terms of its condition and that by itself would cause a lot of conflict among prisoners,” Elliot stated.While they are seeking to implement this programme on a larger scale, the availability of space is a constraint. Ever since the 2017 fire which destroyed a major section of the lockups, the remaining space was utilised for other purposes.“This training is all about bringing about behavioural change, which is something that is not only needed for prisoners, but something that is needed for many members of society,” he said.Last September, 32 inmates from the New Amsterdam Prison were recipients of certificates after completing a similar workshop by the Solutions Training Consultancy and Counselling Services (STCCS).last_img read more

Sporting v Chelsea: Filipe Luis starts

first_imgFilipe Luis starts for Chelsea in their Champions League clash with Sporting Lisbon. There are also starting places for Oscar and Andre Schurrle, while Diego Costa leads the line despite ongoing concerns over his fitness. Willian drops to the bench along with Cesar Azpilicueta.Chelsea (4-2-3-1): Courtois; Ivanovic, Cahill, Terry, Filipe Luis; Matic, Fabregas; Schurrle, Oscar, Hazard; Diego Costa Subs: Cech, Azpilicueta, Zouma, Mikel, Salah, Willian, Remy. Sporting: Patricio, Alves Soares, Dos Santos Nascimento, Sarr, Cristian Silva, Eduardo, Carvalho, Perruchet Silva, Carrillo, Slimani, Nani.Subs:  Nascimento, Soares Martins, Montero, Capel, Boeck, Rosell Argerich, Rodrigues de Oliveira.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img

The Extrapolation Fallacy in Evolutionary Storytelling

first_imgThe assumption of universal common ancestry can lead to absurd scientific reasoning.Humans have culture. Insects show cooperative behavior. Therefore, human culture evolved from insect behavior. Does that make sense? Can any scientist really compare those two things, and derive one from the other? They do it, but that doesn’t make it rational. Extrapolation is a logical fallacy, and so is the non-sequitur.Animal Behaviour: Conformity and the Beginnings of Culture in an Insect (Current Biology). After making excuses for studying the “evolution of culture” in fruit flies, (e.g., “it might be misguided to suspect that the learning mechanisms that support culture are inherently complex or difficult to evolve, or that these might exist only in our closest relatives“), these authors make some absurd statements that could never be proved. Here’s an example:Female flies, like many adolescent humans, seem to acquire their partner preferences from the majority choices that can be observed around them.Well, then, the writing of scientific papers was a behavior derived from fruit flies. The authors have to work themselves out of a trap, though. There’s no basis in animal evolution for things we do that should have been easy for natural selection to invent. Here comes a whopper of a just-so story:Why, then, are animal cultures not more common in the wild, especially the cumulative variety seen in humans, where new innovations build on previous ones? Why don’t flies build vehicles to travel over land, why do bees not construct walls around their territory to keep competitors away from their flower patches? The conventional way of answering such questions is that they do not have the required brain power. Behavioural experimental studies on multiple invertebrates, however, indicate that the basic problem-solving skills required, and the capacity to learn from observation, are present in a number of invertebrates. Many seemingly advanced cognitive capacities have recently been shown to be computationally trivial, and the required neural circuits could certainly be implemented in some of the smallest brains. So, the reason why culture, or cumulative culture, is so rarely seen in nature, might simply be that the conditions that favour its emergence are quite rare. It is easy to see how an animal might benefit, for example to cope with rapid man-made global change, if it were given the benefit of a fully-fledged cumulative culture tomorrow. But one would have to develop a scenario by which the first tiny steps in the direction of such a culture would already be beneficial and maintained in a population — and in such a manner that such variation could not be more beneficially just cemented into genes. A laboratory setting under which culture emerges in a free-flowing experiment (i.e. without significant experimenter intervention) is actually quite hard to conceive for any animal. Even if you gave insects all the tools and parts to build a bicycle, there would be little incentive for them to begin building anything in the right direction. Another potential answer to this question may lie with conformity itself. Conformist biases are a useful way to maintain traditions. However, if these biases are so strong that they result in discrimination against new phenotypes, whether brought about by mutation or individual innovation, such novelty may be discriminated against even if it could be of adaptive benefit. This would prevent the accumulation of improvements characteristic of cumulative culture.Nonetheless, fruit flies are an interesting choice of model for cultural processes due to the feasibility of selection experiments in relatively short time spans, and thus the potential of exploring interactions between cultural and genetic evolution. In addition, the expansive molecular-genetic toolkit that is available in Drosophila should make it possible to explore the neural mechanisms underpinning social learning, as well as the processes mediating evolutionary change under conditions in which certain forms of social learning and culture are selectively advantageous.If you endured that long quote without falling asleep, you saw nothing but extrapolation, assumption, waffling, rationalization, and storytelling (“develop a scenario” they call it). Nothing natural selection cannot handle!Human roars communicate upper-body strength more effectively than do screams or aggressive and distressed speech (PLoS One). Evolutionists were not sufficiently embarrassed last time they told a story about the evolution of screaming (2 July 2018). They did it again. While a scientist might be able to gather data on whether a man with a good roar has good upper-body strength, what does that have to do with the price of natural selection in China?In competitive contests, evolutionary selection processes favour vocal communication of resource holding potential to settle disputes without engaging in potentially costly combat. For example, many terrestrial mammalian species, including giant pandas, sea lions, fallow and red deer, and domestic dogs use acoustic cues to body size or dominance rank in aggressive vocalizations to mediate agonistic interactions, particularly during male-male competition.Among humans, the nonverbal components of speech also allow listeners to assess body size from the voice, including height and weight…How stupid can Darwine-drunk scientists get? Ask Cyrano de Bergerac if he had better success winning his love by roaring or by serenading. To evolutionists, they justify such absurdity because of their belief that humans are mere animals. If dogs howl and sea lions say “Ork! ork!” to each other, then humans must have gained this ability because of the Stuff Happens Law, too. This is the fallacy of extrapolation: thinking that humans are nothing but evolved pandas, and so animal behavior can be extrapolated into human behavior. The illustration above says it all. Roar at a woman, and you are not likely to gain love, regardless of your upper-body strength. You are likely to get charged for harassment.You may now LOL.Evolutionists continue to carry out their silly game of applying natural selection to everything, including human behavior, because nobody feels safe to laugh. That must change. Go ahead: roar at an evolutionist, and explain you are just trying to win their love. Then laugh hilariously. If they get huffy about it, then engage them in a little logic. Tell them, “If human culture is nothing but evolved fruit-fly behavior, then so is the behavior of writing scientific papers. Therefore, everything you say was predetermined in your genes, and signifies nothing.” (Visited 462 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

“Language of Location” – A Geocaching.com Video

first_img SharePrint RelatedFeatured Geocacher of the Month Award WinnersAugust 25, 2011In “Community”Become Trackable on Geocaching.com – Tattoos to Travel BugsSeptember 13, 2011In “Community”Geocaching.com Presents: FavoritesOctober 20, 2011In “Learn” Each of the more than 1.3 million geocaches around the world share an adventure and tell a story. We call it  the “Language of Location.” A Geocaching.com video crew tracked three stories from Larry Yuzuki (NakoTacoPatrol) and friends in Los Angeles, California, Trez Moore (Trez*) at Lake Lanier, Georgia and Molly Shock (mshock) in Hollywood, California. Each geocacher shares the story of what makes the location of their favorite cache so captivating, and what that location says to them.Trez revisits his very first find in Georgia which hooked him on geocaching in 2002.  This location, deep in the woods, has a personal and sentimental history.NakoTacoPatrol along with geocaching friends visit a string a caches he placed along a breathtaking look out.  He’d lived next to the hiking path for almost half a decade and never knew it existed. He decided the location had to be shared with other geocachers and placed a cache series called, “The Queen’s Necklace.” You’ll have to watch the video to find out how the cache series got its name.Mshock shows us a rare view of the Hollywood sign that she might never have found were there not a cache in the area.  She loves caching for its historical  significance, specifically related to films that she loves.Watch the video and learn the “Language of Location.” Now tell us, where does your favorite cache take you?Share with your Friends:Morelast_img read more

Google Rolls Out Encrypted Web Search

first_imgWhy Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… frederic lardinois Related Posts Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#Google#security#web Google just announced that it is rolling out a new beta feature that will allow users to enable Secure Socket Layer (SSL) encryption when using Google’s Web search. Currently, whenever you search on Google, your search data is not encrypted and anybody with enough interest in getting this data can do so by listening in on your connection. Now, Google will use the same encryption methods that banks on e-commerce sites use to prevent others from snooping on your searches as your data moves between your browser and Google’s servers.Google’s move towards encrypting your data as it moves between your browser and Google’s servers means that it will be very hard to hackers and governments to spy on your searches. Google added secure connections to Gmail and Google Docs quite a while ago and made SSL the default setting for all Gmail users earlier this year. Using Secure SearchTo access this new feature, head to https://www.google.com. Google, however, is only rolling this feature out slowly, so it might not be available for you yet. It’s also important to point out that this secure connection is only available for the main Google Search page right now. Searches on Google Maps and Image Search are not encrypted at this time and links to these unencrypted services won’t appear on the secure Google Search site.It is worth noting that Google itself just got into hot water by “accidentally” gathering data from on unencrypted Wi-Fi connections while collecting WiFi data for StreetView and its geolocation API. Google itself, of course, will still collect data about your search history and use it to personalize its own ads and services accordingly. last_img read more