There’s a strong case to be made that Stevie Wonder is the greatest musician who has ever walked the Earth. His combination of instrumental talent and versatility, songwriting abilities, commercial success, prolificness as a recording artist, collaborations with and influence on other artists, timelessness, and, of course, his voice all attest to this. So did his performance at the 21st edition of his (sort of) annual “House Full of Toys” holiday benefit concert, held this year at Staples Center in downtown Los Angeles.Stevie Wonder’s “House Full of Toys” shows are notorious for their star-studded lists of guest performers, and this year was no different. Stevie took the opportunity to showcase artists old and new before he assumed control of the night. He joined Tony Bennett, still kicking at 91, in a duet to “For Once in My Life”, then busted out his harmonica while Bennett crooned to “Left My Heart in San Francisco”. He delighted in a double dose of “Happy” with Pharrell Williams and stepped to the center to belt out “Someday at Christmas.”Stevie Wonder & Tony Bennett, “I Left My Heart In San Francisco”[Video: sunnyd100]Stevie Wonder & Pharrell Williams, “Happy”[Video: Brian Ruschman]During the evening, there were also times when Stevie ceded the stage entirely—from famed saxophonist Mike Phillips’ instrumental rendition of Frankie Beverly’s “We Are One” to Dave Matthews recounting his band’s “Crazy” to Savion Glover tapping up a storm, to Andra Day and Common hitting on the pervasive theme of unity in a divided country.Dave Matthews & Stevie Wonder, “Crush”[Video: katzenheimer]The crux of the show, though, consisted of Mr. Wonder winding his way through two classic albums: Innervisions and Talking Book. Some forty-five and forty-four years since their respective releases, Stevie brought those seminal works roaring back to life with a fervor to fit a social and political climate not unlike the one that pervaded the U.S. during the early 1970s. He joked about being unable to “unring the bell” on his recordings but succeeded wildly in making old works at once relevant and rich.It wouldn’t have been a “House Full of Toys” show if he didn’t have plenty of help on his own work—and not just from musical director Rickey Minor. For Innervisions, he brought back Lani Groves and Jim Gilstrap to recreate the original vocal melange that turned “You Are the Sunshine of My Life” into a romantic romp. He pulled a similar trick for “Maybe Your Baby” with Ray Parker Jr., the original guitarist from that track, wailing through his own share of technical difficulties.Stevie also set about having his prior guests reprise their time on stage. Matthews got the prime spot as Wonder’s duet partner on “Superstition”. Once the night switched to Innervisions, Common added his own poetic take to “Visions”, and Andra Day took her turn with Stevie on “All in Love is Fair”. Pharrell was lucky enough to land two guest spots—on “Golden Lady” and “Higher Ground”—after which Wonder toyed with the idea of producing with the N.E.R.D. frontman.Stevie Wonder & Dave Matthews, “Superstition”[Video: Brian Ruschman]Stevie Wonder & Pharrell Williams, “Higher Ground”[Video: Mark Drakk]However, while the music itself was on point, throughout the show, there was an issue without the sound engineering. Time and again, the levels on microphones had to be adjusted while in use. More than a few artists were handed mics that were entirely silent. And when the sound did work, it was too often too loud for even the cavernous confines of Staples Center, to the point where the delicate signatures of Stevie’s classics were drowned out in a maelstrom of reverberation and distortion.Yet, this is one of the ways in which Wonder’s greatness strengthens its case. Despite those distractions and difficulties, despite the struggles of the sound team being all too real, and despite the show stretching well past the bedtime of most patrons, Stevie and his star-studded supporting cast managed to put on a show that was as captivating as it was nostalgic.No matter who was on stage with Stevie, no matter how big or small the star, he was the one who shone brightest, the one to whom they all gladly and gratefully deferred. Because anyone who still sounds this good and can command such a massive arena this well—without the benefit of sight or youth—has to at least be considered the Greatest Of All Time. If he isn’t already the G.O.A.T.
Glastonbury Festival in Somerset, England, is the largest greenfield music festival in the world, boasting a capacity of a little over 200,000 people daily. While the festival is taking a year off in 2018, it’s clear the UK festival is still hard at work preparing for next year. Most recently, Glastonbury has made waves with its announcement that it will be banning plastic bottles on site when it returns in summer of 2019 ahead of its 50th anniversary in 2020.With an estimated one million plastic water bottles used during the course of the five-day event, festival organizer Emily Eavis told BBC 6 Music that the new ban “is an enormous project; it’s taking a lot of time to tackle with all the different people we work with.”As noted by The Guardian, the plastic bottle ban falls in line with the five-day festival’s previous efforts to be environmentally friendly. In 2014, Glastonbury offered stainless-steel bottles and introduced water kiosks for cost-free water refills, while in 2016, the festival added reusable stainless-steel pint cups (though the festival designed the cups to be “non-aerodynamic, to minimise injuries from throwing”). In 2016, the festival also started a “Love The Farm. Leave No Trace” initiative, which the new plastic bottle ban seems to be piggybacking off of.[H/T Consequence Of Sound]
If slavery and totalitarianism were the great moral issues of the 19th and 20th centuries, then the worldwide oppression of women and girls will be the defining issue of the 21st, said Nicholas D. Kristof, Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist for The New York Times, in a talk Monday (Sept. 27) at Harvard Medical School’s Carl Walter Amphitheater.Ending that oppression is an issue not only of justice but also of economic progress, Kristof said. Educating girls and empowering women to enter the labor market or run businesses — even on a small scale — makes a huge difference in a community’s economy. Empowered women may help lower poverty rates and diminish support for terrorism, he said.“Women are more likely to invest money or assets in their children or small business, and men are more likely to spend on instant gratification, like alcohol, cigarettes, prostitution,” said Kristof.Kristof’s talk, “Half the Sky: A Journalist Reports on Women Around the World,” combined two lecture series: the Lawrence Lader Lectureship on Family Planning and Reproductive Rights and the George W. Gay Lecture, the oldest endowed lectureship at the Medical School.Kristof’s most recent book, co-written with his wife, Sheryl WuDunn, is “Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide.” It was published last September by Knopf, but the first spark came in 1990, when Kristof wrote about a girl living in rural China who was forced to drop out of school because her parents lacked the $13 it would cost to keep her there. The column led to donations from readers, including what Kristof thought was a $10,000 gift. Turns out, he told the audience, that the bank had mistakenly added zeroes to a $100 donation but, with some persuasion, agreed to pay the $10,000, which funded a scholarship program for girls in the remote Chinese village.Returning years later, Kristof found that the money for the girls’ education had made a significant difference.“This community really was transformed far beyond the neighboring communities. It is precisely the example of the kind of virtuous cycle … when you bring girls into education and watch what happens,” he said.Kristof asked his audience if there were more men or more women in the world. Most thought there were more women (as in the United States and Europe), but he said that worldwide the male population is greater, mostly likely due to male favoritism in food, medical care, education, and other resources.“In an equitable world, there would be more females,” he said. “In any 10-year period, more girls are discriminated against to death than all of the people who died in all the genocides of the 20th century.”Many in the audience — by a show of hands — had experience traveling and working internationally. Kristof urged them to be aware that they may have to “market” humanitarian aid to draw attention to issues and to create “effective storytelling.”Kristof illustrated this point by sharing stories about girls and women he has met: a 14-year-old Ethiopian girl who suffered horrendous injuries giving birth and was left to die. The girl fended off hyenas through the night, managed to crawl to a missionary’s home 30 miles away, and received medical treatment. She recovered and later became a nurse.He talked about two young Cambodian girls he bought from a brothel in an attempt to help them find a better life. “What struck me the most: When I bought them I got receipts,” he said. “When you get a receipt for buying someone in the 21st century, that is something to shame us all.”And there was the Indian woman whose husband beat her daily but who managed to start her own embroidery business with a $65 loan. Eventually she hired other people in the village—including her husband. The beatings ended.Kristof said, “There is the misperception sometimes [that] the problem is men. It’s really much more complicated than that.”Men eventually realize that opportunities for women open doors for everyone, he said. But women need education and income opportunities.“Women aren’t valued in a society when they don’t bring commercial value to the table; when women bring income to the family, they are valued more in a broader sense,” he said.
TCGA had conducted a deep analysis of each patient’s tissue, testing cancerous and normal cells for a range of molecular features. These included mutations (miscopied sections of DNA); patterns of DNA methylation (a process that influences whether genes are switched on or off); messenger RNA (a molecule that carries a transcribed version of DNA and is indicative of gene activity); and microRNA (a form of RNA that assists or hampers gene activity). The NCI Cancer Genome Analysis Network investigators used this data to see whether differences in any of these features reflected differences in ancestry.“We found that ancestry-associated differences spanned all of these features and were present in hundreds of different genes,” Cherniack stated. “It turned out, though, that the most significant differences — the ones that affect how cells function and interact with the rest of the body — were profoundly tissue-specific.” Although ancestry affected molecular features in most cancer types, these effects were not shared across cancer types. Molecular differences in lung cancers that were traceable to African ancestry, for example, were not found in breast, pancreatic, or other cancers.The data also enabled investigators to ask whether the ancestry-related features of normal cells carried over into the cancerous versions of those cells — whether the molecular particularities of lung cells in people of European extraction for example, are also found in the lung cancer cells of such individuals. They found that this was overwhelmingly the case. “Most of the differences in the normal tissues of people with specific ancestries are recapitulated in cancer,” Beroukhim stated. Moreover, evidence suggests that some of these differences may contribute to the development of certain cancers in people with similar backgrounds.Having access to data from patients of mixed lineage proved to be an asset, the study authors say. Investigators conducted their initial analysis in patients whose ancestry was at least 80 percent within one of the five genealogical groups. They followed this with a similar analysis of data from the admixed populations. “When the results of the two analyses jibed — when molecular differences specific to one ancestral group also appear in patients whose ancestry is a combination of that group and others — it was particularly strong evidence of the validity of the original finding.” said one of the study’s co-lead authors, Jian Carrot-Zhang, postdoctoral research fellow of the Meyerson group at Dana-Farber and the Broad. “The patients of mixed background were a particularly powerful group in which to study the molecular effects of ancestry in cancer,” Beroukhim stated. “It helped us narrow down which regions of the genome contribute to these differences.”The comprehensive nature of the study revealed some of the shortcomings of previous efforts to link ethnicity and ancestry to molecular elements of cells. For one, such studies tended to lump various subtypes of cancer together, Beroukhim said, despite the fact that certain subtypes are more common in certain ancestries than others. Some of the techniques used to dissect molecular features may also have skewed the results of previous studies.Researchers have yet to determine whether the molecular differences between ancestries result from environmental factors or genetic factors. However, they did identify genetic differences between ancestries that could explain many of their findings.“Our findings point to a need for more samples from diverse ancestries to conduct a truly comprehensive ancestry analysis, especially of normal tissues,” Beroukhim remarks. “This study represents an important step in that direction.”Funding for the study was provided by the National Cancer Institute (U24 grants CA210999, CA210974, CA211006, CA210949, CA210978, CA210952, CA210989, CA210957, CA210990, CA211000, CA210950, CA210969, CA210988, and K24CA169004 and R01CA1845851). Questions about the genealogical imprint of tumors have hovered over cancer research since the completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003. Is liver cancer different at a basic, molecular level in people of African descent than people of European descent? Does breast cancer have a different genetic profile in East Asians than Native Americans?A new paper by researchers from the NCI Cancer Genome Analysis Network, a collaborative group with investigators in the U.S., Canada, and Europe, provides the most comprehensive look to date at the effect of ancestry on the molecular makeup of normal and cancerous tissues. Drawing on data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) involving 10,678 patients and 33 cancer types, the investigators found that ancestry was tied to variations in hundreds of genes, but that the most important of these differences were linked to specific tissue types. The study is being published online today by Cancer Cell.“We found that in patients of different ancestries, the molecular features corresponding to those differences were largely confined to specific organs and tissue types,” said Rameen Beroukhim of Dana-Farber and the Broad Institute, the co-senior author of the study with Andrew Cherniack, group leader at Dana-Farber and the Broad Institute. “This suggests that tracking the molecular effects of ancestry — both in normal and cancer tissue — needs to take a tissue-by-tissue approach.”Among the researchers’ specific findings:From a molecular standpoint, people of African ancestry tend to have a different type of kidney cancer than people of European ancestry. The African variety is marked less often by mutations that disable the VHL gene, spurring the growth of new blood vessels for tumors.Bladder cancers in people of East Asian extraction show fewer signs of drawing an immune system response than bladder tumors in people of European background.In the study, investigators used a variety of molecular techniques to determine the ancestry of the patients whose tissue samples were analyzed. Patients were classified as being primarily of European, East Asian, African, Native/Latin American, or South Asian descent. Patients whose ancestry was at least 20 percent mixed were classified as being of admixed descent. (These patients were subcategorized by their primary ancestry, such as African-Admixed, European-Admixed, etc.) As a group, the patients had 33 cancer types, 13 of which were further divided into subtypes. Evidence suggests that some of these differences may contribute to the development of certain cancers in people with similar backgrounds.
May 26, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Member states of the World Health Organization (WHO) agreed today to invoke a set of health regulations related to influenza a year early because of the threat that H5N1 avian flu will trigger a flu pandemic.The voluntary regulations are part of the International Health Regulations (IHR), which were approved by the World Health Assembly a year ago but are not scheduled to take effect until June 2007.”The provisions identified for early voluntary compliance include those relating to rapid and transparent notification, support to countries that request it in investigating and controlling [influenza] outbreaks, and providing essential information including recommendations for control measures,” the WHO said in a news release today.The resolution passed by the WHA notes that rapid detection and reporting of human cases of avian flu “underpin WHO’s ability to issue a reliable risk assessment and declare an appropriate phase of pandemic alert.”Among other things, the voluntary measures adopted under the resolution call on countries to:Promptly report to the WHO any probable or confirmed human illnesses caused by any new flu virus subtypeDesignate an official IHR “focal point” to communicate information and collaborate with the WHO on risk assessment (the language doesn’t specify whether this would be an individual or an agency)Designate IHR “contact points”Provide WHO collaborating centers with information and biological materials related to highly pathogenic avian influenza and other novel flu strains in a timely mannerThe resolution also covers regulations related to surveillance, information-sharing, consultation, verification, public health response, and public health measures for travelers.The measure calls on the WHO director-general to “further accelerate steps” to set up a roster of experts [on avian and pandemic flu] and to invite proposals for its membership.”In addition, the WHO chief is asked to help mobilize international help for needy countries affected by avian flu and to search for solutions to the shortage of, and unequal access to, flu vaccines.Anders Nordstrom, acting WHO director-general, said the agency has increased its ability to provide on-the-ground help to avian-flu–affected countries in the past year, according to an Agence France-Presse (AFP) report published today.”The number of missions from WHO has gone up since the last year,” said Nordstrom. “And now we expect with this decision, which is more of a political commitment, that we will be able to accelerate even more.”Nordstrom, who was appointed after the death of Dr. Lee Jong-wook on May 22, said the WHO and affected countries need more people and money to cope with avian flu, according to AFP.At a conference in Beijing last January, donor countries pledged $1.9 billion to help poor countries prepare for a pandemic. Nordstrom could not provide details on how much of the promised money has been given so far. But he said that only $12 million of $89 million promised to the WHO has come in, according to AFP.See also:WHO resolution on flu provisions in the IHRhttps://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA59/A59_47-en.pdf
Write in McCarthy on Working Families lineFellow Working Families Party members: please write-in Gary McCarthy in the primary for Mayor of Schenectady on Tuesday (June 25).In my lifetime, I’ve never seen as much progress in this city than under the McCarthy administration.Gary’s the best candidate for working families.He’s cut property taxes four years in a row, led the effort to rehab blighted properties in our neighborhoods, and his administration has overseen a 36 percent decrease in major crimes.As a union member, I’m glad that a vacant brownfield site on the river became the bustling Mohawk Harbor which has hundreds of good paying union jobs.When it comes to Gary’s opponent, I’m concerned about her past tweets supporting far-right Republicans like state Sen. George Amedore.Amedore has voted against marriage equality; banning conversion therapy for minors; gender discrimination protections in employment; taking guns away of convicted domestic abusers; and, banning bump stocks, which were used to kill 58 people in Las Vegas.I’m a progressive. Anyone who supports far-right candidates like Amedore is not one.Schenectady has made tremendous progress under Mayor McCarthy’s administration. While there’s much more work to do, there is no better executive to keep the progress going then Gary McCarthy.Patrick WeingartenSchenectadyHow can Trump benefit from honor?To all the Never Trumpers and conspiracy theorists, what, if any, benefit does the current president stand to receive from the nearly simultaneous naming of an area in Israel being named in honor of him to the announcement of his re-election campaign?Will it encourage any voters? Could this be another campaign law violation?Al PirigyiBurnt HillsPraying for president is not a profane actIn a recent column by Michael Gerson, Franklin Graham was accused of “ profaning the gospel” in his request for church leaders to announce June 2 as a day to pray for the president.By definition, profane can mean taking a spiritual entity and making it secular or worldly. Thus, Mr. Gerson’s opinion that Mr. Graham’s request for prayer was profane.He added that such was asked to protect the president from the “spiritual darkness” of this current world of which he even thought himself a part. The legacy of the Billy Graham Evangelical Association from which Franklin Graham has emerged as its current leader is well known .It is simply wrong to believe Franklin Graham’s intent to be anything but solidly based on the gospel of Jesus Christ and simply promote a day of prayer for our country’s leader.To add a verse from Paul’s letter to those in Ephesus, Paul incidentally a believer in the true gospel message. “Therefore be careful how you walk, not as unwise but as wise, making the most of your time because the days are evil.” (Ephesian 5:15)How could such a request for prayer be profane?Nancyjane BattenScotia Categories: Letters to the Editor, OpinionAct now to get guns off of our streetsThere are too many guns in the wrong hands.There are too many drive-by shootings and other shootings in the Capital District and other nearby areas. We read it in the newspapers and hear it on the TV news almost every day.This has to stop. Our laws are too easy. We should have tougher gun laws that if someone is caught with a gun they should not have, the penalty should be a few years in jail to start.We should also advertise that if anyone is caught with a gun, they will be put away for a long time or they can turn the gun in now, no questions asked. Give a time limit on this and that’s it. I think you will see lots of guns turned in if the sentence is really a long jail time.We have to take our streets back once and for all. Enough is enough. Let’s act on this now.Sid GordonSaratoga Springs More from The Daily Gazette:Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s press conference for Sunday, Oct. 18EDITORIAL: Urgent: Today is the last day to complete the censusFoss: Should main downtown branch of the Schenectady County Public Library reopen?EDITORIAL: Beware of voter intimidationEDITORIAL: Find a way to get family members into nursing homes
Bayerische Versorgungskammer, BVI, DVFA, Willis Towers Watson, Vivat, THEAM, Bouwinvest, Kames Capital, Barnett WaddinghamBayerische Versorgungskammer – Reinhold Weger has been named head of fixed income at the €65bn pension fund, Germany’s largest. Weger, in charge of the fund’s equity investments, succeeds Constantin Echter, who is set to join insurer Münchener Verein as head of asset management.BVI – Tobias Pross has been elected president of the German Investment Funds Association and will succeed Holger Naumann, a member of the board of Deutsche Asset Management, from the beginning of next month. Pross, who has been part of BVI’s management board since 2011, is head of EMEA at Allianz Global Investors.DVFA – Stefan Bielmeier has been re-elected managing director of the German association of investment consultants. Currently chief economist at DZ Bank, he joined the association’s board in 2010 and was first elected managing director in 2012. Willis Tower Watson – Rolf Kooijman has joined the board of the Towers Watson PPI, succeeding Jan Kloet, who is to retire. During the past two years, Kooijman – a professional supervisor – has taken a sabbatical. Between 2009 and 2013, he was CFO and a member of the management board at custodian KAS Bank. He has also been financial director at insurer Delta Lloyd.Vivat – Dutch insurer Vivat has appointed Hans Visser as general manager for pensions. He will be responsible for pensions at Vivat’s subsidiary Zwitserleven, succeeding Seada van den Herik, who stepped down in October. Visser joins from Vanbreda Risk & Benefits, where he was commercial director.THEAM – The BNP Paribas Investment Partners subsidiary specialising in capital-protected, indexed and model-driven management has appointed Isabelle Bourcier as head of ETF and indexed fund activities. Between February 2011 and November 2015, she was head of business development at Ossiam, a subsidiary of Natixis Global Asset Management specialising in smart-beta ETFs. Bouwinvest – Frank Nijs has been tasked with acquisition at the new Healthcare Fund of Dutch property manager Bouwinvest. Nijs joins from Heeren Loo Zorggroep, where has been project developer responsible for portfolio management. Before then, he worked at the project development companies Kristal and Heijmans.Kames Capital – David Ennett has been appointed to the high-yield team. He joins from Standard Life Investments, where he was head of European high yield.Barnett Waddingham – Andy Greig, Simon Rusling and Stuart Harrison have been appointed partners at the UK consultancy.
Image source: Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA)An offshore drilling vessel caught fire while operating in the South China Sea offshore Miri, Malaysia, early on Tuesday morning. Two workers were injured as a result of the incident while one worker is still missing.The Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) said on Tuesday it received an emergency signal at about 3.15 in the morning from Kuala Baram waters.The coast guard vessel soon came to the scene and found the 2009-built Malaysian-flagged vessel named Geos on fire. The vessel is registered under Kuala Lumpur-based Ageo Marine which is a subcontractor of Petronas.The entire crew of the vessel jumped into the sea following the explosion in the engine room that caused the fire. Two workers were injured and one worker remains to be found.With help from other two vessels, MP Perdana Frontier and MP Nautica Aleesya, the fire was brought under control by 8.00 a.m. but there are still residual fires on the water surface.According to reports from Malaysian media, there were 39 workers on board comprising 33 Malaysians, five Indonesians and a Thai national.Offshore Energy Today Staff
Dutch FPSO provider SBM Offshore and Brazilian oil giant Petrobas are in talks for the charter of an FPSO vessel for operations on the Buzios field located in the Santos basin, offshore Brazil. The contracting process is already underway and the winning companies of the public pre-qualification carried out by Petrobras participate in it. Petrobras noted it constantly monitors the FPSOs world market and has identified that, at this moment, only SBM has the capacity to meet the technical, operational and availability requirements of the company. According to Petrobras, it will be the largest oil production unit operating on the Brazilian coast and one of the largest in the world, with a daily processing capacity of 225 thousand barrels of oil and 12 million m3 of gas. If and when an agreement is reached, SBM Offshore said it will inform the market. In a separate statement on Tuesday, SBM Offshore confirmed it has entered into negotiations with Petrobras for the charter contract for the FPSO Almirante Tamandaré. The anticipated production capacity of the unit is 225,000 barrels of oil and 12 million m3 of gas per day. The platforms will have the capacity to process 180 thousand barrels of oil and 7.2 million m3 of gas daily and are expected to start operating in 2025. In an update on Tuesday, Petrobras said it has started negotiations with SBM Offshore to contract the FPSO Almirante Tamandaré to be installed in the Búzios field. The FPSO Almirante Tamandaré will be the sixth production system of the Búzios field, with startup scheduled for the second half of 2024. Petrobras added that the other two units to be installed in Búzios, FPSOs P-78 and P-79, will be contracted by bidding, in the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) modality.
Share Photo credit: onenewspage.comThe Ministry of Health is observing today, Thursday May 31, 2012 as World No Tobacco Day. The observance will highlight two weeks of activities which run from Monday May 28 to June 08, 2012, under the theme, “Smoking: Harmful in any form “focusing on tobacco and marijuana use.World No Tobacco Day is an initiative sponsored by the World Health Organization to reduce tobacco use across the globe in an effort to improve public health for all.It is a day for people, non-governmental organizations and governments to organize various activities to make people more aware of the health problems that tobacco use can cause.This year, the Ministry is targeting the Secondary School Population from first form to third form. The objective is to create awareness among school children on the effects of smoking in an effort to reduce the incidences of smoking among the school children.In a survey conducted by the Ministry of Health during 2000, 2004 and 2009 on Youth and Smoking in Dominica, the survey revealed that in 2000 about 28% of the country’s young people were exposed to tobacco smoking. While in 2004, 26% were exposed and 25% for 2009.Data from the 2009 Global Youth Survey conducted among school age students in Dominica indicates an increase in the usage of both marijuana and tobacco. Tobacco use increased from 19.3% in 2000 to 25.3% in 2009. Use of marijuana increased from 18.2% in 2002 to 29.5% in 2006. Tobacco use is among the leading preventable causes of death. Each year, the global tobacco epidemic kills nearly 6 million people, including more than 600,000 who die from exposure to second-hand smoke. In CARICOM about 30% of male and 15% female deaths are due to smoking.Smoking accounts for about 20% of cardiovascular deaths.Smoking also contributes to Heart disease, stroke, and lung diseases (emphysema, asthma, etc.) low birth rate in new-borns and IDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome).People who live with smokers are more likely to develop lung cancer themselves, even though they do not smoke.Marijuana use causes a number of social and health problems, such as mental illness, lungs inflammation, family problems and poor school performance.The costs of tobacco and Marijuana use are measured in its enormous toll of disease, suffering and family distress. Economies also suffer from increased health-care costs and decreased productivity. Press Release Sharing is caring! LocalNews Dominica observes World No Tobacco Day by: – May 31, 2012 Tweet Share 18 Views no discussions Share